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    Iconic Photographs

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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Tue 18 Jul 2017 - 16:27

    Soviet soldiers openly sexually harass a German woman in Leipzig, 1945

    Soviet soldiers openly sexually harass a passing German woman near the West Hall section of the Leipzig Hauptbahnhof central railway terminus. As Allied troops entered and occupied German territory during the later stages of the war, mass rapes took place both in connection with combat operations and during the subsequent occupation.

    The victims not only bore the brunt of revenge for Wehrmacht crimes, they also represented an atavistic target as old as war itself. Rape is the act of a conqueror, the historian Susan Brownmiller observed, aimed at the “bodies of the defeated enemy’s women” to emphasize his victory.

    Most historians agree, although the issue is contentious, that the majority of the sexual assaults on German female civilians were committed in the Soviet occupation zone; estimates of the numbers of German women raped by Soviet soldiers have ranged up to 2 million. In many cases women were the victims of repeated rapes, some as many as 60 to 70 times.

    At least 100,000 women are believed to have been raped in Berlin, based on surging abortion rates in the following months and contemporary hospital reports, with an estimated 10,000 women dying in the aftermath. Female deaths in connection with sexual assaults in Germany, overall, are estimated at 240,000. War historians have described it as the “greatest phenomenon of mass rape in history”, and have concluded that at least 1.4 million women were raped in East Prussia, Pomerania and Silesia alone.

    The novelist Vasily Grossman, a war correspondent attached to the invading Red Army, soon discovered that rape victims were not just Germans. Polish women also suffered. So did young Russian, Belorussian and Ukrainian women who had been sent back to Germany by the Wehrmacht for slave labour. “Liberated Soviet girls quite often complain that our soldiers rape them”, he noted. “One girl said to me in tears: He was an old man, older than my father”.





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    Adam Mint
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Adam Mint on Wed 19 Jul 2017 - 1:53

    Bottom line, don't piss off and cook your neighbours...
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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Wed 19 Jul 2017 - 16:49

    The original Moulin Rouge the year before it burned down, Paris, France, 1914.

    On 6 October 1889, the Moulin Rouge (English: The Red Mill) opened in the Jardin de Paris, at the foot of the Montmartre hill. Its creator Spaniard Joseph Oller and his manager Charles Zidler were formidable businessmen who understood the public’s tastes. The aim was to allow the very rich to come and slum it in a fashionable district, Montmartre. Nicknamed “The First Palace of Women” by Oller and Zidler, the cabaret quickly became a great success.

    The facade was decorated with glittering electric lights, which were a novelty at the time, with a huge red windmill at the very front of the building. The red windmill was designed to indicate the history of Montmarte, a village that once had many windmills in it. A castle was built in a Gothic style right next to the windmill.

    The garden and it’s al fresco café was known as the Jardin de Paris Elephant, after the founders purchased a giant stucco elephant they had seen exhibited at the Paris Universal Exhibition of 1889. At the Moulin Rouge, the elephant served as a luxurious opium den where for a single franc, gentlemen could enter by way of a spiral staircase inside the leg and be entertained by belly dancers.








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    Mcqueen
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Mcqueen on Wed 19 Jul 2017 - 17:27

    Been in there, no big deal, full of jumped up French
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    Adam Mint
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Adam Mint on Wed 19 Jul 2017 - 17:34

    Yip, overpriced and overrated, almost got chucked out for taking a picture...

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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Thu 20 Jul 2017 - 16:21

    Never heard of this before...

    Atomic Annie firing the first atomic artillery shell, 1953

    The development of nuclear artillery was part of a broad push by nuclear weapons countries to develop nuclear weapons which could be used tactically against enemy armies in the field (as opposed to strategic uses against cities, military bases, and heavy industry). Nuclear artillery was both developed and deployed by a small group of states, including the United States, USSR, and France.

    Picatinny Arsenal was tasked to create a nuclear capable artillery piece in 1949. Robert Schwartz, the engineer who created the preliminary designs, came up with a design that borrowed heavily from the German’s Krupp-made K5 11-inch railway guns, but modified to be moved on roads by a pair of huge tractors. This gun, labeled the M65, wound up being the largest road-mobile artillery the US ever put into production at some 84 feet long (26 m), and a total weight of 83-tons. The 38.5-foot long barrel (12m) had a 280mm bore, some 11-inches across.

    The gun was nicknamed Atomic Annie (likely derives from the nickname “Anzio Annie” given to the German K5 gun which was employed against the American landings in Italy.) The design was approved by the Pentagon. A three-year developmental effort followed. The project proceeded quickly enough to produce a demonstration model to participate in Dwight Eisenhower’s inaugural parade in January 1953.

    On May 25, 1953 at 8:30am, the Atomic Annie cannon was tested at the Nevada Test Site (specifically Frenchman Flat) as part of the Upshot-Knothole series of nuclear tests. The test was codenamed “Grable” – because the letter Grable is phonetic for G, as in “gun”, since the warhead was a gun-type fission weapon.



    The detonation of Grable occurred 19 seconds after its firing. It detonated over 6.25 mi (over 10 km) away from the gun it was fired from. The explosion was an air burst of 160 m (524 ft) above the ground, 26 m (87 ft) west and 41 m (136 ft) south of its target (slightly uprange). Its yield was estimated at 15 kilotons, around the same level as Little Boy. An anomalous feature of the blast was the formation of a precursor, a second shock front ahead of the incident wave. This precursor was formed when the shock wave reflected off the ground and surpassed the incident wave and Mach stem due to a heated ground air layer and the low burst height. It resulted in a lower overpressure, but higher overall dynamic pressure, which inflicted much more damage on drag sensitive targets such as jeeps and personnel carriers. The test remains the only nuclear artillery shell ever actually fired in the U.S. nuclear weapons test program. About 3,200 soldiers and civilians were present.






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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Fri 21 Jul 2017 - 17:08

    Italians viewing antique Emperor Caligula's Nemi ships, 1932

    Between 1928 and 1932, two enormous wooden ships, which once belonged to the Emperor Caligula, and had lain on the bottom of the Lake Nemi for over nineteen hundred years, were salvaged in what was perhaps the greatest underwater archaeological recovery ever accomplished. The larger ship was essentially an elaborate floating palace, which contained quantities of marble, mosaic floors, heating and plumbing such as baths among its amenities. Both ships featured technology long thought to be recent inventions. One of the most fascinating aspects of the whole affair was the fact that knowledge of the two huge vessels being in the lake had never been lost throughout the ages, from the reign of Caligula, to the twentieth century. There were several attempts at salvage carried out at various times, most of which resulted in degradation of the wrecks and plundering of artifacts.





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    Mcqueen
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Mcqueen on Fri 21 Jul 2017 - 17:56

    Reminds me of Vince for some reason Transport
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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Sat 22 Jul 2017 - 7:13

    The headquarters of Mussolini’s Italian Fascist Party, 1934

    The building in the picture is Palazzo Braschi in Rome, the headquarters of the Fascist Party Federation (the local one, not the national Party headquarters). It was not always covered up like that; this set-up was displayed for the 1934 elections, in which Italians were called to vote either for or against the Fascist representatives list. The “SI SI…” lettering (meaning “Yes Yes…”) was propaganda for one of the two plebiscite elections held during the Fascist Regime, where electors didn’t vote for individual parties (there wasn’t any but the Fascist one), neither for single candidates, but just voted “Yes” or “No” to a single list of candidates presented by the Duce himself.

    The voting procedure used two ballots and two envelopes; the yes ballot was in the colors of the Italian flag with fascist symbols, while the no ballot was a white sheet. The voter had to place the ballots in envelopes, put his chosen ballot in the ballot box and return the discarded one to the voting supervisors, de facto allowing them to check what each person had voted. The list put forward was ultimately approved by 99.84% of voters. The overwhelming majority provoked Benito Mussolini to dub the election the “second referendum of Fascism”.





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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Sun 23 Jul 2017 - 8:14

    Acrobats balance on top of the Empire State Building, 1934

    Acrobats Jarley Smith, Jewell Waddek, and Jimmy Kerrigan perform a balancing act on a ledge of the Empire State Building in Manhattan on August 21, 1934





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    Mcqueen
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Mcqueen on Sun 23 Jul 2017 - 9:31

    Why would you do that
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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Sun 23 Jul 2017 - 9:54

    Advertising...bums on seats innit...



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    Mcqueen
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Mcqueen on Sun 23 Jul 2017 - 9:56

    Bums all over side walk if one of them fecks up
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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Mon 24 Jul 2017 - 16:37

    Native American smoke curing a human corpse, 1910

    Among the Kwakwaka’wakw people of the Pacific Northwest, the Hamatsa were a secret society. This society exercised a ritual often called a “cannibal” ritual, and some debate has arisen as to whether the Kwakwaka’wakw do or do not practice ritual cannibalism, whether their “cannibalism” is purely symbolic, or literal.

    The Hamatsa initiate, almost always a young man at approximately age 25, is abducted by members of the Hamatsa society and kept in the forest in a secret location where he is instructed in the mysteries of the society. The initiate fasts to clear his mind and bathes in icy-cold waters to purify his spirit. This is necessary so he will lose his human scent. Only a person who has properly prepared himself can get closer to the spirits. Shortly before the end of his exile, the initiate was brought a corpse to finish the ritual.

    The corpse was one of the Kwakwaka’wakw dead members. They used to bury their dead on trees. The body was placed in a box, and these boxes were placed on branches a considerable distance up a tree. There the boxes were piled one on top of the other. The bodies, when so exposed to the action of the freely circulating air, mostly mummify. A corpse is taken down from the tree and is soaked in salt water. The shaman takes hemlock twigs, the leaves of which have been removed, and pushes them under the skin, gradually removing all the decayed flesh until nothing but the skin remains. After this is done the body is placed on top of the small hut in which the novice (initiate) is living while he is staying in the woods. The hands of the body hang down. Its belly is cut open and spread with sticks. The initiate was expected to smoke-cure the bound corpse for the final ritual. During the ritual the aspirant and the senior members of the brotherhood (Hamatsa) devoured portions of the corpse.





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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Mcqueen on Mon 24 Jul 2017 - 16:49

    He may just be asleep
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    Adam Mint
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Adam Mint on Mon 24 Jul 2017 - 17:47

    off topic  Should be on Culinary Delight thread...  off topic
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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Tue 25 Jul 2017 - 16:00

    Rudolf Hoess the commandant of the Auschwitz concentration camp, is hanged next to the crematorium at the camp, 1947

    Rudolf Hoess (Rudolf Höss) was the architect and commandant of the largest killing center ever created, the death camp Auschwitz, whose name has come to symbolize humanity’s ultimate descent into evil.

    On 1 May 1940, Hoess was appointed commandant of a prison camp in western Poland. The camp was built around an old Austro-Hungarian (and later Polish) army barracks near the town of Oswiecim; its German name was Auschwitz. Hoess commanded the camp for three and a half years, during which he expanded the original facility into a sprawling complex known as Auschwitz-Birkenau concentration camp.

    After visiting Treblinka extermination camp to study its methods of human extermination, Hoess, beginning on 3 September 1941, tested and perfected the techniques of mass killing that made Auschwitz the most efficiently murderous instrument of the Final Solution. He improved on the methods at Treblinka by building his gas chambers ten times larger, so that they could kill 2,000 people at once rather than 200. He commented: “still another improvement we made over Treblinka was that at Treblinka the victims almost always knew that they were to be exterminated and at Auschwitz we endeavored to fool the victims into thinking that they were to go through a delousing process”.





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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Wed 26 Jul 2017 - 18:35

    The long walk — A British army bomb disposal specialist approaches a suspect vehicle in Belfast, 1970s

    A British Army Explosive Ordnance Disposal Technical Officer approaches a suspect device at the junction of Manor Street and Oldpark Road in Belfast, Northern Ireland. The Manor Street marked the line between protestant and catholic neighborhoods. The quotation on the sign on the building to the left is from the Old Testament (Amos 4:12) and it reads: “Prepare to meet your God“. Probably the most discouraging thing to possibly read before approaching something that may or may not blow you to pieces.

    What is even more morbid, is that the technician pictured is already within the “kill” radius for an explosive of that size. Fortunately, the technician in this photo did not lose his life, the bomb did not explode.





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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by 3rdforum on Wed 26 Jul 2017 - 18:41

    Balls of steel those boys. They were respected on all sides






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    Adam Mint
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Adam Mint on Wed 26 Jul 2017 - 23:16

    Not to mention the dementia...

     Next...
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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by 3rdforum on Wed 26 Jul 2017 - 23:22

    (He ducks as it goes right over his head)






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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Adam Mint on Wed 26 Jul 2017 - 23:59

    Who, Cam or the bomb guy...
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    Campbell Brodie
     
     

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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Thu 27 Jul 2017 - 16:23

    John F. Kennedy's coffin lies in state in the Capitol Rotunda, 1963

    On November 24, 1963, about 300,000 people watched a horse-drawn caisson, which had borne the body of Franklin D. Roosevelt and the Unknown Soldier, carry Kennedy’s flag-covered casket down the White House drive, past parallel rows of soldiers bearing the flags of the 50 states of the Union, then along Pennsylvania Avenue to the Capitol Rotunda to lie in state. The only sounds on Pennsylvania Avenue as the cortège made its way to the Capitol were the sounds of the muffled drums and the clacking of horses’ hooves.

    The widow, Jackie Kennedy, holding her two children by the hand, led the public mourning for the country. In the rotunda, Mrs. Kennedy and her daughter Caroline knelt beside the casket, which rested on the Lincoln catafalque. Three-year-old John Jr. was briefly taken out of the rotunda so as not to disrupt the service. Mrs. Kennedy maintained her composure as her husband was taken to the Capitol to lie in state, as well as during the memorial service. Brief eulogies were delivered inside the rotunda by Senate Majority Leader Mike Mansfield of Montana, Chief Justice Earl Warren, and Speaker McCormack.

    Kennedy was the first president in more than 30 years to lie in state in the rotunda, the previous one being the only president to ever serve as chief justice, William Howard Taft, in 1930. He was also the first Democrat to lie in state at the Capitol.





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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Fri 28 Jul 2017 - 15:25

    The first bananas in Norway, 1905  

    This is one of the first batches of banana that was sent to Norway. It had the weight of 3,000 kilos and came in crates/boxes. One of the people in this picture is Christian Mathiessen, the founder of Norway’s biggest fruit importer, Bama. Norway was the second country to import bananas in Europe, after the United Kingdom. It’s very interesting that before global trading became as it is today, people really didn’t encounter many products that weren’t made locally. Seeing an item made in China must have seemed exotic to someone living in Mexico during 1832.

    Portuguese sailors brought bananas to Europe from West Africa in the early fifteenth century. Its Guinean name banema, which became banana in English, was first found in print in the seventeenth century. The original banana has been cultivated and used since ancient times, even pre-dating the cultivation of rice. While the banana thrived in Africa, its origins are said to be of East Asia and Oceania. The banana was carried by sailors to the Canary Islands and the West Indies, finally making it to North America with Spanish missionary Friar Tomas de Berlanga.





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    Re: Iconic Photographs

    Post by Campbell Brodie on Sat 29 Jul 2017 - 7:47

    Austrian-Hungarian soldier, 1918

    It looks like a thousand yard stare, it’s like there’s nothing there. The rank insignia indicates that he is Austrian-Hungarian soldier, not German, he’s a Lance corporal. In case you’re wondering, those lugs on the side of his Stahlhelm helmet were combination air vents and mounting lugs for an extra armor plate for nervous soldiers. Few solders used these Stirnpanzer plates and lugs were deleted from later helmets. The plates were issued for specialized roles, snipers, machine gun crews, raiding parties, soldiers that might have to expose the top of their head more often.

    The German World War One Stahlhelm is a masterpiece of engineering. The shape provided optimal bullet protection while maintaining great usability (a decorated doctor and a university engineer designed it). It was the best helmet around the trenches in war, its distinct design influenced modern helmets. The Austrian-Hungarian helmets, a variation of Stahlhelm, were manufactured by Krupp Berndorfer Metallwarenfabriken, and were brown in color.





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